Glossary - CLS Financial
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Glossary

Get definitions on the mortgage terms that may come up throughout your loan process, as well as any specific mortgage terms that may be unfamiliar to you. CLS FInancial wants to ensure that you have a complete understanding of the transaction.

Our mortgage glossary will help you to speak to mortgage professionals with confidence.

Glossary

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There are 10 names in this directory beginning with the letter P.
P&I
Abbreviation for principal and interest.

PITI
Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance

Points
A point is equal to one percent of the principal amount of your mortgage. For example, if you get a mortgage for $95,000, one point means you pay $950 to the lender. Lenders frequently charge points in both fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgages in order to increase the yield on the mortgage and to cover loan closing costs. These points usually are collected at closing and may be paid by the borrower or the home seller, or may be split between them.

Pre-Qualification
Tentative establishment of a borrower's qualification for a mortgage loan amount of a specific range, based on the borrower's assets, debts, and income.

Prepayment
Payment of the mortgage loan before the scheduled due date; may be subject to a prepayment penalty.

Prime Rate
The interest rate commercial banks charge their most creditworthy customers.

Principal
The amount of money borrowed that has not yet been paid back to the lender. This does not include the interest paid to borrow that money. In other words, principal is the original loan amount minus the total repayments of principal made.

Private Mortgage Insurance
Insurance purchased by a buyer to protect the lender in the event of default. The cost of mortgage insurance is usually added to the monthly payment. Mortgage insurance may be available through a government agency, such as the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) or the Veterans Administration (VA), or through private mortgage insurance companies (PMI).

Property Tax
A tax charged by local government and used to fund municipal services such as schools, police, or street maintenance. The amount of property tax is determined locally by a formula, usually based on a percent per $1,000 of assessed value of the property.

Prorate
To proportionally divide amounts owed by the buyer and the seller at closing.